Brain tumours are indiscriminate. They can affect anyone at any age and are responsible for the deaths of more children and young adults under 40 than any other cancer. According to brain tumour research around 16,000 people are diagnosed every year and there are estimated to be over 60,000 people living with a brain tumour.   

What are brain tumours?
A brain tumour occurs as a result of an abnormal growth or spread of cells from within the brain or its supporting tissues that can damage the brain or threaten its function. They are classified from grade 1 to 4. High grade or malignant tumours are aggressive and can spread quickly in the brain, often posing a serious threat to life. There are 120 different types of brain tumour. 

What causes one?
Despite extensive thinking on environmental and lifestyle factors, no single, definitive cause has yet been identified.  

What is the prognosis?
The impact on wellbeing and outcome is mainly dependent on the type of tumour, its location in the brain, size, growth and how much can be removed or successfully treated.   

What are the symptoms?
This very much depends on which part of the brain is affected. The most common symptoms are caused by an increase in pressure in the skull caused by the growth of the tumour in the brain. Headaches and problems with eyesight are the most common symptoms, but of course there can be many reasons for these. Other symptoms can include continuing nausea, drowsiness, seizures, confusion, changes in personality or behaviour and loss of concentration. It’s always best to see your GP to discuss any symptoms you’re worried about because early detection and treatment could really make a difference.